What do you need to know about the Pakistan elections today?
The Indian Union Election Commission (IEEC) announced the results for the upcoming general elections on October 24. As per IEC, more than 300 million voters across the country had voted in this election.
The official result shows that India’s ruling political party, the Bhartiya Janata Party(BJP), has bagged nearly 44 percent votes while the Opposition’s NCP led by Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) managed nearly 36 percent votes. A look at the latest official figures indicates a narrow victory for PM Imran Khan and his party. His party got over 30 crore votes, followed by PPP with 31 crore votes. However, it is not the first time he had won a majority. In 2016, he was given a clear majority of 51 percent while the PTI received only 28.2pc votes. In another term, in 2018, he became the Prime Minister.
The recent outcome of the Kashmir dispute had not been the most popular among people in the region. It was believed that after coming back from the US after being defeated in the Gupkar War the two parties would get along well. This however did not happen as the BJP’s Arun Jaitley had the support of people from Rajasthan. This in return led to an agreement that saw the withdrawal of troops from the valley. With these developments, the political uncertainty that prevailed in the region seemed quite sure to be lifted soon.
The government has also decided to continue their ‘love jihad’ policy saying that they will keep up this discriminatory practice through the next five years. They have recently allowed women who had undergone preventive detention in jails to apply for protection, the right to contest under the new laws has been granted, the rights of media houses are extended. These changes were only announced recently but already a lot of work has been done towards them being operational. But here still questions arise in minds of those who believe this can change anything, can they?
How many parties are in power now?
The major political parties of North Asia are all involved in the political process. All three (Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh) countries had seen their respective national parties winning bigger seats in the recent polls. Here we list out the top 10 parties in each country. You may want to click on the names to see details about the current situation of your choice in the list.
Pakistan’s main political party is the Muslim League. Under its leadership, the party has swept every electoral vote since its formation in 1952. There is no opposition party in the country on the ground. On the other hand, both the governments of Bhutto and Zulfi Bukhari are supported by members of the Muslim League. Even though the party itself does not support any party, it has been at the forefront when political issues have been discussed. Recently, there has been a protest over increasing fuel prices. A part of the Muslim League is supporting the petrol price hike. Even former prime minister Shahid Hamid Khan even went ahead to address the protestors to save the interests of customers.
India is a diverse country with multiple ethnic groups, religions, and languages. While some of them supported the incumbent, others opposed it. Amongst them is the Congress Party which is part of the ruling coalition. The Congress Party has always backed the Muslim League in all the years since its inception in 1952. While the issue in this regard seems like one with no end yet the party is holding discussions in this regard.
A different trend is observed in this country where there is no dominant political party either on the ground or inside the country. Unlike Pakistan where the Muslim League is the sole contender all the way, several small parties form part of the ruling alliance, including the Nationalist Alliance, Awami Nationalities Party, Bangladesh Nationalism Party, BNP (Bangladeshi National Liberation Front), and Fazlul Haque Shaheen Bangladesh. Out of the three, Awami Nationalities Party is considered the strongest. The leader has now decided to exit the ruling party and take his name and become an independent candidate when the ruling coalition finally comes to the end. He is known as Rashid Ahmed Khan and has been the chief minister twice. He contested against a rival, Mominul Haque Omar, in September 2020.
Israel is a democratic country where the citizens have a say on how their country shall run. Israel’s leaders usually come from the opposite camp to their constituents. The Israeli left-wing had tried to stand up against Ben-Gurion who had served in the previous Israeli government. The ultra-Orthodox group took a dig at Benjamin, saying that there is nothing unusual about him being president because he wanted to change the present mess that Israel was currently in. However, a few months ago, the Israeli cabinet decided that all political parties should join hands together to give themselves a better chance of reaching out to the country’s largest population of Arabs, Jews, or Christians. After agreeing, a new government was formed and sworn in last month. However, other forces try to sabotage that plan. On 9th October, several ultra-Orthodox protesters protested and tried to block highways around Jerusalem. Many of them threatened violence against the police officers who were trying to maintain law order in the area, so a massive traffic blockade has taken place in Jerusalem’s Old City, despite the presence of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights saying that everyone has the same equal human rights.
- United States (USA)
The US is divided into four major sections (Republican, Democratic, Independent, Libertarian) to cater to these interests. Their ideologies range from capitalism, democracy, and republicanism to religious conservatives. From the perspective of the Republican side, Donald Trump is the best choice, due to his efforts in bringing the economy down and cutting taxes for middle-class Americans. Currently, President Joe Biden is leading the Democrats by nearly 5 points in terms of percentage of the vote, but it could be close when the whole nation goes to the ballot box again. So far the Democrats have already secured enough seats in both the House of Representatives and Senate of America. By 2022, if everything goes as expected, the Republicans will control the Senate, while the Democrats will hold the White House. Also, they have a good chance of getting seats in the state legislatures too.
China is an international trade center and a key economic powerhouse. Its size cannot possibly be compared to that of the USA, Europe, or Japan. Being the second-largest economy in the world after the USA makes it imperative for China to be united. Especially because Beijing has refused to allow the U.S. to set foot in the Chinese territory.
Russia is the biggest nation that shares borders with Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Tajikistan. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, there has been a lot of turmoil between Moscow and Kyiv leading to a very tense relationship to what used to be called the Eurasian Community. With domestic problems such as poor health care system and corruption mounting up, Putin made his decision in August to resign from office. He named six candidates for the presidency. According to The Guardian, he named Yevgeny Prigozhin, Dmitry Medvedev, Vladimir Zelensky, Sergey Kiselyov, Sergei Shoiguang, and Mikhail Sechin.
Brazil is also known as South America. It is made up of 10 states, namely Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais, and the Rio Grande do Sul. The Brazilian capital city, Brasilia, is the largest and the most populous state in South America. Aside from these states, there are smaller islands such as Santa Catarina Island, Guanahani Islands, and Floripa. Other than that, Brazil hosts several indigenous inhabitants and is home to 60 % of Latin American tribes, 20% of African Americans, 7.5million people living in the Amazon forest, and 22.5million people living in the Pantanal wetlands.
Greece is one of the European nations that made headlines during the past year due to a series of natural disasters that affected large areas of the country. One natural disaster that impacted Greece was flooded in 2015. Over 6.5 billion euros worth of property and assets were damaged, mainly due to heavy rains. Another natural disaster this year happened in November, with record temperatures reaching 32 degrees Celsius. Such extreme weather conditions are rare, causing much havoc for various industries in Greece. For example, Boeing grounded 777XB7, Airbus A320neo, and Rolls Royce UK.
Turkey’s largest neighbor is often overlooked by most people in itself. It shared borders with Syria, Iraq, Libya, and even Lebanon. Just like Greece, it had a fair share of natural disasters for a long time that affected large areas of its land. Although Turkish Airlines says that the country has experienced a decline in tourism and agriculture due to the pandemic, Turkey is also experiencing high unemployment and poverty rates in response to its economic challenges.
To conclude, this decade will turn out to be among the most challenging for the Muslim league as it aims to unify the secular nation. The Muslim League has done great work over decades and concerning a changing climate, there have been changes within Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh. Pakistan is headed by Imran Khan, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) is led by Pakistan Peoples’ Party, India is ruled by Narendra Modi, and Bangladesh is controlled by Sheikh Hasina. Finally, China will be making big changes to the